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Your Values and Experiences on the Kenai

Survey Title Image

A Survey of Kenai Peninsula Residents

For understanding community resources, ties to land and the outdoors, and potential responses to change.

2014

Below is a recreation of the 2014 survey completed by Kenai Peninsula residents. This survey looks at demographics and values to help us understand how communities might respond to land or water changes. A PDF version of the original mailed survey can be viewed here.

Clicking on a drop-down bar underneath a question will display a graph containing the results from the survey regarding that question. A blue bar indicates a standard chart of survey results. A green bar indicates a map with survey results. A red bar indicates an interactive chart with survey results.

Thank you to those of you who took the survey for sharing your valuable experience and time! Your participation is important!


Section A: Kenai residency and outdoor activities

In the first section, we ask about your experience outdoors and on the Kenai Peninsula.


  1. How long have you lived in Alaska? ________ Years
  2. How long have you lived on the Kenai Peninsula? ________ Years
  3. Where is your current main residence (where you spend most of the year)?
    1. Anchor Point
    2. Clam Gulch
    3. Cooper Landing
    4. Homer
    5. Hope
    6. Kachemak
    7. Kasilof
    8. Kenai
    9. Moose Pass
    10. Nanwalek
    11. Nikiski
    12. Nikolaevsk
    13. Ninilchik
    14. Port Graham
    15. Portlock
    16. Salamatof
    17. Seldovia
    18. Seward
    19. Soldotna
    20. Sterling
    21. Anchorage
    22. Other __________

  4. After 2013, how long do you plan to stay on the Kenai?
    1. <1 yr
    2. 1 - 5 yrs
    3. 6 - 10 yrs
    4. 11 - 20 yrs
    5. the rest of my life
    1. Do you fish or do you have household members that fish the Kenai River?
      • ______Yes         ______No
    2. If yes, how many times do you visit the following areas in a typical fishing season?
      • Beaver Creek           _____________ times
      • Russian River           _____________ times
      • Ptarmigan Creek      _____________ times
      • Other: __________________      _____________ times
      • Other: __________________      _____________ times
      • Other: __________________      _____________ times
    3. Which changes would prevent you from fishing? (circle one or more)
      1. higher cost of transportation (gas, etc.)
      2. higher cost of participation (fees, etc.)
      3. lack of social group
      4. scarcity of resources (fish, etc.)
      5. too many other people fishing
      6. Nothing would stop me.
      7. Other: ____________________
    4. Fishing the Kenai River provides many benefits (like food and recreation with friends). What would be hardest to replace if you couldn't fish the Kenai River?
    1. Check the outdoor activities that you participate in below (check all that apply) AND
    2. Rank the top 3 activities of importance to you, with 1 as the most important. (If you did not check one of the boxes below, do not rank it).
    3. I do this Activity Rank (your top 3)
      Subsistence fishing, hunting, gathering
      Camping
      Clamming
      Biking
      Birding
      Dipnetting
      Four Wheeling
      Gathering (berries, mushrooms, etc.)
      Hiking
      Hunting
      Rafting
      Skiing
      Snowmachining
      Sportfishing
      Sports (football, soccer, hockey, etc.)
      Other (please explain):
      Other (please explain):


      Use the left and right arrows above to explore some of the outdoor activities that residents participate in on the Kenai Peninsula. Hover over a bar in the graph to see precise values.

    4. Think about the amount of time you generally spend outdoors doing any of the previous or other activities. In an average year, about how often are you outdoors?
      1. Everyday
      2. A few times a week
      3. A few times a month
      4. A few times a year
      5. Once or twice a year
      6. Never

Section B: Information


    1. We would like to learn where you get the information you use to make decisions and stay informed on land and water resources and/or activities on the Kenai. Please circle one or more of the information sources you use the most.
      • Radio
      • Work colleagues
      • Social media
      • Research/academic institutions
      • Federal agencies
      • State agencies
      • Personal observation
      • Friends
      • Internet
      • Magazines
      • Non-governmental organizations
      • Neighbors
      • Bulletin boards/Flyers
      • TV
      • Scientific journals
      • Professional associations
      • Local government meetings
      • Local News
      • Newspaper
      • Other (please explain): ____________________
    2. In the last 5 years, my opinion about climate change impact on land and water resources has:
      • not changed
      • changed a little
      • changed a lot

Section C: Values and Perceptions


  1. MAPPING ACTIVITIES: For each of the 2 mapping activities, you will use the enclosed map of the Kenai Peninsula and the values stickers. Instructions are provided below. Please remember that you can use as many or as few stickers as you would like.

MAPPING ACTIVITY 1 of 2: Mapping Your Values

Kenai areas hold different values for Alaskans. Some of these values are described on the “Values and Special Places” sticker sheet. How important are these values to you and where are they located?

Step 1: Find the enclosed map from Exercise 1 and the “Values and Special Places” sticker sheet. There are 6 dots for each value with an “importance” rating from 5 to 50 points. Some value stickers are more important (50 points) than other stickers (20,10, or 5 points each).

Step 2: Place the stickers on the map where the associated values are important to you. Use as many or few stickers as you like. The most important stickers go with the most important places.

Step 3: Continue with Mapping Activity 2 below.

MAPPING ACTIVITY 2 of 2: Mapping Your Special Places

What Kenai areas are special to you? “Special places” are areas with particular meaning for you.

Step 1: Find the enclosed map from Exercise 1 and the set of 6 “Special Places” stickers marked P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, and P6. These stickers represent your favorite or “special places” in Kenai areas. Place the stickers on the map on your special places.

Step 2: Please explain briefly (below) what makes these places special.

Special Place #1 ______________________________________________________________________________________

Special Place #2 ______________________________________________________________________________________

Special Place #3 ______________________________________________________________________________________

Special Place #4 ______________________________________________________________________________________

Special Place #5 ______________________________________________________________________________________

Special Place #6 ______________________________________________________________________________________

Step 3: Please complete the remainder of this questionnaire.

Click on one of the maps below to see more information and view a full size version.

Aesthetic Values


Compare Points Thumbnail

Wilderness Values


Compare Points Thumbnail

Recreation Values


Compare Points Thumbnail

The three maps above were created from points mapped by all respondents put together. For some maps, you can compare 2001 and 2014 data to see how favorite places may have changed over time!

Economic Values


 2001 All Values Heat Map JPEG

Aesthetic/Scenic Beauty


 2001 Aesthetic Values Heat Map JPEG

Biological Value


 2001 Recreation Values Heat Map JPEC

A few example heat maps comparing the 2001 and 2014 survey data are shown above. Areas where many points were mapped appear in red, with fewer points mapped in blue.

  1. To what extent do you agree/disagree with the following statements? (circle)
  2. It is not appropriate to put a dollar value on benefits we receive from nature. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    Humans are changing the planet’s climate. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    I would support more property regulations to protect the Kenai River. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    It’s easy to get information on environmental change. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    We should base our planning decisions on science. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    Climate is changing on the Kenai. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    The process used to generate regulations on the Kenai is fair. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    Government has a role in managing natural resources. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree
    I am worried about changes in land and water on the Kenai. Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Unsure Somewhat agree Strongly Agree


    Choose a topic from the selection menu above. Hover over a bar in the graph to see precise values.


Section D: Change and impacts on ecosystem services and community

Ecosystem services is a term for the benefits that people receive from natural resources. We’re interested in how you and your community would deal with changes in services if they occurred.


  1. Who would you go to for support (food, money, etc.) if you needed it?
  2. Why do you choose to live on the Kenai?
  3. Can you imagine any severe changes (gradual or sudden, either good or bad) for your community, where you would not be able to function as you do currently? If so, please describe briefly.
  4. How likely do you think it is that changes in land or water resources could harm future generations of people on the Kenai?
    1. Not likely at all
    2. Somewhat likely
    3. Moderately likely
    4. Very likely
    5. Don’t know
  5. How long will it be before you expect to see large changes in Kenai land or water resources?
    1. 0 – 10 years
    2. 10 – 50 years
    3. More than 50 years
    4. No large change in the future
  6. Salmon populations have varied histories around the globe. We’re interested in which fisheries are generally well-known. Please circle the salmon fisheries below that you have some familiarity with (circle any that apply).
    • South America
    • New England/Eastern US
    • Japan
    • Oregon/Washington
    • British Columbia
    • Norway
    • Scotland
    • Newfoundland/Labrador
    • Russia
    • Germany
    • Iceland
    • California
  7. Which factor do you think has the most impact (either positively or negatively) on Kenai Watershed salmon populations? (circle one)
    • Weather/climate
    • Escapement
    • Open-ocean fishing
    • Tourism-related activites
    • Resident fishing
    • Local conservation efforts
    • Residential growth
    • Federal policies
    • State policies
    • Other: _________________________
  8. Who do you think should address environmental changes on the Kenai? (circle one or more)
    • Local Government
    • State Government
    • Federal Government
    • Non-governmental organizations
    • Tribal Governments
    • Local residents
    • Other: _________________________
  9. How important are the following to the well-being of Kenai Peninsula communities?
  10. Public Infrastructure Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Commercial Fishing Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Schools Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Tourism Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Gas and Oil Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Vegetation Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Wildlife Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Renewable Energy Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Sportfishing Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    Rivers Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know
    New Businesses Not at all important Somewhat Important Important Most Important Don't Know


    Choose a topic from the selection menu above. Hover over a bar in the graph to see precise values.

  11. For each of the following, please circle two things:
    1. how LIKELY you think the following changes are in Southcentral Alaska, AND
    2. what the potential IMPACT would be to the community if the change occurred.
    3. Example: A change could be Likely with a Neutral impact, or Unlikely and Very Positive.

Governance Stronger environmental regulations a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
More public participation a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Land/Water Drying of wetlands areas a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Increase in average yearly temperatures a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Less snow in winter months a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Increase in summer stream temperatures a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Increase in fire occurrence a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Changes in sea level a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Salmon Changes in the timing of salmon runs a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Increased year-to-year variability in runs a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Decrease in the size of adult salmon a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Decrease in king salmon runs a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Decrease in sockeye runs a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Development Increase in residential development a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
More roads a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
Increase in oil and gas industry a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know
More tourists a.Likely? Very unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Very Likely Don't know
b.Impact? Very negative Some negative Neutral Some positive Very positive Don't know



Choose a topic from the selection menu above. Click the button to swap between graphs of resident opinions on the likelihood of the topic and resident opinions on the impact of the topic. Hover over a bar in the graph to see precise values.


Section E: Background Information

In this final section, we would like to learn a little more about you. Several of these questions are similar to those in the American Community Survey. As with all of the above questions, your responses are voluntary and confidential.


  1. Age:  ____________
  2. Gender
    1. Male
    2. Female
    3. Prefer not to say
  3. How many people live in your household? (include yourself, any children or significant others, etc.)   _____________
  4. What is your main occupation?   __________________________________
  5. How many personal vehicles does your household have? (cars, trucks, vans, etc.)   _____________
  6. What is the highest level of education that you have completed?
    1. Less than 12th Grade (no diploma)
    2. High school graduate or equivalent
    3. Some college/post high school training
    4. Two year technical or associate degree
    5. Four year college degree (BA/BS)
    6. Graduate or professional degree (MS, JD, MD, Ph.D.)
  7. What is your ethnicity? (circle one or more as needed)
    1. Alaska Native
    2. American Indian
    3. Asian
    4. Black or African American
    5. Hispanic or Latino
    6. Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    7. White/Caucasian
  8. Does your household rent or own the place where you live now?
    1. Rent
    2. Own
    3. Some other arrangement
  9. In which income category (in dollars) does your household income fall?
    1. Less than 15,000
    2. 15,000 to 34,999
    3. 35,000 to 74,999
    4. 75,000 to 99,999
    5. 100,000 to 149,999
    6. 150,000 or more
  10. Is there anything else you would like to share about Kenai areas and potential opportunities/challenges facing the region? We appreciate any further thoughts.

End of Survey

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